Publications View all

Preventing unlawful profiling today and in the future: a guide
December
2018

Preventing unlawful profiling today and in the future: a guide

Report
This guide explains what profiling is, the legal frameworks that regulate it, and why conducting profiling lawfully is both necessary to comply with fundamental rights and crucial for effective policing and border management. The guide also provides practical guidance on how to avoid unlawful profiling in police and border management operations.
From institutions to community living for persons with disabilities – perspectives from the ground - Summary
December
2018

From institutions to community living for persons with disabilities – perspectives from the ground - Summary

Summary
The European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) wanted to contribute to making steps to implement deinstitutionalisation more effective, by capturing concrete evidence of what is and what is not working on the ground. To do this, the agency conducted extensive fieldwork research in five EU Member States at different stages of the deinstitutionalisation process. This summary report presents the key findings of that fieldwork and the FRA opinions stemming from them.
Being Black in the EU
November
2018

Being Black in the EU

Report
Almost twenty years after adoption of EU laws forbidding discrimination, people of African descent in the EU face widespread and entrenched prejudice and exclusion. This report outlines selected results from FRA's second large-scale EU-wide survey on migrants and minorities (EU-MIDIS II). It examines the experiences of almost 6,000 people of African descent in 12 EU Member States.
Civil society space: views of organisations
November
2018

Civil society space: views of organisations

Paper
Civil society organisations play a critical role in democracies, and the importance of their work is widely recognised in international legal and policy documents. However, they face many obstacles when it comes to their day-to-day work. Based on the results of an online consultation with FRA's civil society network, the Fundamental Rights Platform (FRP), in September 2018, this paper complements the January 2018 report.
Periodic data collection on the migration situation in the EU - November 2018 Highlights
November
2018

Periodic data collection on the migration situation in the EU - November 2018 Highlights

Paper
The EU Agency for Fundamental Rights has been collecting relevant data since November 2015, in light of the increasing numbers of refugees, asylum seekers and migrants entering the EU. This report focuses on the fundamental rights situation of people arriving in Member States particularly affected by large migration movements. The countries covered are: Austria, Bulgaria, Croatia, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, the Netherlands, Poland, Spain and Sweden.
Working with Roma: Participation and empowerment of local communities
November
2018

Working with Roma: Participation and empowerment of local communities

Report
This report presents the main insights gained during the EU Fundamental Rights Agency’s project on local engagement for Roma inclusion, which explores how to best involve Roma in integration efforts at the local level. Bringing together local authorities and residents, especially Roma, it investigated what aspects work, which ones do not, and why this is the case.
Antisemitism - Overview of data available in the European Union 2007–2017
November
2018

Antisemitism - Overview of data available in the European Union 2007–2017

Paper
Antisemitism can be expressed in the form of verbal and physical attacks, threats, harassment, discrimination and unequal treatment, property damage and graffiti or other forms of speech or text, including on the internet. The present report provides an overview of data on antisemitism as recorded by international organisations and by official and unofficial sources in the 28 European Union (EU) Member States, based on their own definitions and categorisations.
From institutions to community living for persons with disabilities: perspectives from the ground
November
2018

From institutions to community living for persons with disabilities: perspectives from the ground

Report
The Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities commits both the EU and all of its Member States to realising the right of persons with disabilities to live independently in the community – which includes achieving deinstitutionalisation for those residing in institutional settings. But much remains to be done to make this a reality in practice. This report presents the main insights gained during fieldwork on the drivers of and barriers to deinstitutionalisation. Focusing on the local level, it gives voice to a diverse set of actors – most importantly, to people with disabilities themselves.
Applying the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union in law and policymaking at national level - Guidance
October
2018

Applying the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union in law and policymaking at national level - Guidance

Handbook
As a very modern human rights catalogue containing many rights not found in established bills of rights, the Charter indeed looks good on paper. Those familiar with the main principles of EU law can usually quickly recite that the Charter is always binding on the EU, and binding on Member States only when they are "implementing EU law". But what does this often-quoted language from Article 51 of the Charter actually mean?

Opinions View all

Challenges and opportunities for the implementation of the Charter of Fundamental Rights
30/09/2018

Challenges and opportunities for the implementation of the Charter of Fundamental Rights

With this Opinion, FRA aims to contribute to the European Parliament's own-initiative report on the “Implementation of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union in the EU institutional framework”, being prepared in the Parliament’s Committee for Constitutional Affairs (AFCO). The request aims at understanding the interaction between the Charter’s implementation at national and EU level, and whether there are “instruments, mechanisms and practices” available at EU level to assist Member States to better implement the Charter.
Fundamental rights implications of storing biometric data in identity documents and residence cards
05/09/2018

Fundamental rights implications of storing biometric data in identity documents and residence cards

This Opinion by the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) aims to inform the European Parliament’s position concerning the legislative proposal for a Regulation on strengthening the security of identity cards of European Union (EU) citizens and of residence documents issued to EU citizens and their family members exercising their right of free movement. It focuses on the processing of biometric data and complements the opinion published by the European Data Protection Supervisor (EDPS).
The revised Visa Information System and its fundamental rights implications
30/08/2018

The revised Visa Information System and its fundamental rights implications

This Opinion by the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) aims to inform the European Parliament’s position on the legislative proposal amending the Visa Information System, the Visa Code and other related provisions of EU law. The European Commission presented the proposal on 16 May 2018 and EU legislators are currently discussing it.7 Throughout the text, this opinion refers to the proposed amendments using the wording “the proposal” or “the Commission proposal”.